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Lesson 8: Health & Fitness – Writing Band 8 Vocabulary

Lesson 8: Health & Fitness

  1. allergy – a medical condition that causes you to react badly or feel sick when you eat or touch a particular substance
  2. anxiety – an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something
  3. appetite – the feeling that you want to eat food
  4. artery – one of the larger tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body
  5. asset – a valuable thing to have
  6. craving – a strong or uncontrollable desire
  7. depression – the state of feeling very unhappy and without hope for the future
  8. diagnosis – the identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms.
  9. dietitian – a person who scientifically studies and gives advice about food and eating
  10. eating disorder – Any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits
  11. heart attack – a serious medical condition in which the heart does not get enough blood, causing great pain and often leading to death
  12. ingredient – one of the things from which something is made
  13. insomnia – the condition of being unable to sleep, over a period of time
  14. intake – the amount of something such as food, breath, or a liquid that is taken in by someone or something
  15. junk food – food that is unhealthy but is quick and easy to eat
  16. nutrient – any substance that plants or animals need in order to live and grow
  17. obesity – extreme fatness
  18. onset – the moment at which something unpleasant begins
  19. portion – (1) a part or share of something larger. (2) the amount of a particular food that is served to one person.
  20. serving – the amount of one type of food given to one person
  21. stroke – a sudden change in the blood supply to a part of the brain, which can result in a loss of some mental or physical abilities, or death.
  22. acute – very serious, extreme, or severe
  23. alternate – every second, or every other
  24. brisk – quick, energetic, and active
  25. chronic – (esp. of a disease or something bad) continuing for a long time
  26. infectious – (of a disease) able to be passed one person, animal, or plant to another
  27. obese – excessively overweight
  28. persistent – determined to do something despite difficulties.
  29. vital – essential, important
  30. counteract – to reduce or remove the effect of something by producing an opposite effect
  31. curb – to control or limit something that is not wanted
  32. diminish – to reduce or be reduced in size or importance
  33. disrupt – to prevent something, esp. a system, process, or event, from continuing as usual or as expected
  34. overdo – to do something in a way that is too extreme
  35. overeat – to eat more food than your body needs
  36. trigger – to cause something bad to start
  37. tempt – to encourage someone to want to have or do something, esp. something wrong
  38. miss out on – to lose an opportunity
  39. excess – an amount that is more than acceptable, expected, or reasonable
  40. mouth – to move the lips as if speaking a word
  41. teethe – (of a baby or small child) to grow teeth
  42. writhe – to make large twisting movements with the body
  43. bathe – to wash something with water, esp. a part of your body
  44. agony – extreme physical or mental pain or suffering
  45. tablet – a small, solid piece of medicine
  46. notion – belief or idea
  47. staple – main or important, especially in terms of consumption
  48. swap – exchange; to give something and be given something else instead
  49. more or less – approximately
  50. apt – suitable; appropriate
  51. cope – to deal successfully with a difficult situation
  52. wording – the exact choice of words
  53. build-up – an increase, especially one that is gradual
  54. debilitating – causing weakness
  55. pace – the speed at which somebody/something walks, runs or moves
  56. aspect – a particular part or feature of a situation or a problem
  57. attitude – the way you feel about something or someone
  58. creativity – the ability to produce original and unusual ideas
  59. daily routine – typical or everyday activity
  60. desire – a strong feeling that you want something
  61. fulfilment – a feeling of happiness because you are doing what you intended to do in life
  62. hobby – an activity that someone does for pleasure when they are not working
  63. insight – the capacity to gain an accurate and deep understanding of someone or something.
  64. leisure – the time when you are not working or doing other duties
  65. lifestyle – the way that you live
  66. optimist – someone who always believes that good things will happen
  67. outlook – the likely future situation
  68. opportunity – a chance to do something
  69. personality – the type of person you are, shown by the way you behave, feel, and think
  70. pessimist – someone who feels that bad things are more likely to happen than good things
  71. priority – something that is very important and must be dealt with before other things
  72. realist – a person who tends to accept and deal with people and situations as they are
  73. risk taker – someone who often takes risks
  74. self-expression – expression of your personality, emotions, or ideas, especially through art, music, or acting
  75. sense – the ability to make reasonable judgments
  76. intense – extreme
  77. materialistic – believing that having money and possessions is the most important thing in life
  78. outdoor – existing, happening, or done outside a building
  79. recreational – relating to or denoting activity done for enjoyment when one is not working.
  80. appeal – to make a serious or formal request
  81. fulfil – to do something that is expected
  82. motivate – to cause someone to behave in a particular way
  83. regret – to feel sad about a lost opportunity
  84. lead a happy life – having a purpose each day and achieving that goal.
  85. live life on the edge – to have an adventurous or perilous lifestyle live
  86. life to its fullest – often said to encourage people who are feeling down, a bit depressed, lonely or self-pitying.
  87. make a choice – to select; to separate and take in preference.
  88. make a decision – decide
  89. make a living – to earn enough money to buy the things you need
  90. meet a need – to do something that someone wants, needs, or expects you to do
  91. take part – involve
  92. do something for a living – to do something as your job or a way of making money
  93. walks of life – various levels of social position or achievement
  94. cost of living – the amount of money that a person needs to live
  95. lifelong ambition – very strong desire
  96. once in a lifetime – only likely to happen once in a person’s life
  97. standard of living – the degree of comfort that people in a particular social class, country, etc. have
  98. way of life – the manner in which a person lives
  99. inevitable – unavoidable
  100. arcade – a covered passageway usually lined with shops
  101. quilt – a decorative cover for a bed
  102. be spoilt for choice – to be unable to choose because there are so many possible good choices
  103. ahead of time – sooner than was expected
  104. upcoming – happening soon
  105. delighted – very pleased
  106. babysit – to take care of other people’s children in your own home as a job

Some questions asked in previous IELTS Writing Paper that you would be able to write with the help of the vocabulary in this lesson:

  1. More people are now trying out different varieties of food which results in consumption of ingredients from different parts of the world.
    Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
    Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
  2. In some countries, health care and education are only partially funded by the government.
    Which do you think is better in terms of quality: free public healthcare and education or privately paid health care and education?
    Provide specific reasons and examples to support your position.
  3. Do you think that an ageing society will disappear?
    What are the advantages and disadvantages of having more old people in society?
  4. Which is better: to have children earlier or later in a woman’s life?
    What are possible reasons and effects of these two tendencies on a personal scale and for society in general?
    Support your answer with specific reasons and examples.

  1. Some people, including medical workers argue against using animals and humans for clinical tests while others think it is necessary.
    Which are you in favour of? Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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