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Lesson 9: History – Writing Band 8 Vocabulary

Lesson 9: History

  1. archaeologist – someone who studies the buildings, graves, tools, and other objects of people who lived in the past
  2. era – a period of time known for particular events or developments
  3. excavate – to remove earth from a place in order to find old objects buried there
  4. the Middle Ages – a period in European history, between about AD 1000 and AD 1500, when the power of kings, people of high rank, and the Christian Church was strong
  5. millennium – a period of 1,000 years
  6. pioneer – a person who is one of the first people to do something
  7. timeline – a line showing the order in which events happened
  8. chronological – in order of time from the earliest to the latest
  9. consecutive – following each other continuously.
  10. imminent – (esp. of something unpleasant) likely to happen very soon
  11. middle-aged – in middle age; too careful and not showing the enthusiasm, energy, or style of someone young
  12. nostalgic – feeling happy and also slightly sad when you think about things that happened in the past
  13. prior – coming before in time, order, or importance
  14. timeconsuming – taking a lot of time to do or complete
  15. erode – to rub or be rubbed away gradually
  16. inter – to bury a dead body
  17. predate – to have existed or happened before another thing
  18. span – extend over; to exist or continue for a particular length of time
  19. in time – early enough
  20. lose track of time – to be unaware of what time it is
  21. on time – at the correct time or the time that was arranged
  22. take so long – to spend a lot of time to do something
  23. at the right time – at the proper time, at the right moment
  24. formerly – in the past
  25. Stonehenge – a circle of very large stones built in ancient times in southern England
  26. pole  a long, thin stick of wood or metal, often used standing straight up in the ground to support things
  27. ice age – a time in the past when the temperature was very cold
  28. frenzy – a state or period of uncontrolled excitement
  29. awe – a feeling of great respect, usually mixed with fear or surprise
  30. sketch something out – to give some details about something
  31. posthole – a hole dug in the ground to hold a fence post.
  32. post – a vertical stick or pole stuck into the ground, usually to support something or show a position
  33. ditch – a narrow channel dug at the side of a road or field, to hold or carry away water.
  34. carve – to cut out
  35. chalk – a type of soft white rock
  36. pasture – land covered with grass or similar plants suitable for animals, such as cows and sheep, to eat:
  37. henge – a prehistoric circle of large stones or wooden objects
  38. astronomy – the scientific study of the universe
  39. infer – to form an opinion or decide that something is true from the information you have
  40. nevertheless – despite what has just been said or referred to
  41. huntergatherer – a member of a society that lives by hunting and collecting wild food, rather than by farming
  42. wear away – to become thin and disappear after repeated use or rubbing
  43. the arrival of something – the time when a new idea, product etc is first used or discovered
  44. antiquated – old-fashioned or unsuitable for modern society
  45. consecutive – events, numbers, etc. follow one after another without an interruption
  46. engrossed – absorbed
  47. plait – to join three or more pieces of hair
  48. bride – a woman who is about to get married
  49. obsess – to think about something or someone all the time
  50. skull – the bone of your head
  51. oral diseases – diseases of the mouth
  52. by no means – not at all
  53. plague – to cause pain or difficulty to someone or something over a period of time
  54. acupuncture – a treatment for pain and illness in which special needles are put into the skin at particular positions
  55. therapeutic – having a healing effect
  56. undertake – to do or begin to do something
  57. forefront – the most important or leading position
  58. treatise – a formal piece of writing that deals with a particular subject

Some questions asked in previous IELTS Writing Paper that you would be able to write with the help of the vocabulary in this lesson:

  1. In some countries, buildings of historical value are being demolished to give way to modern buildings.
    Do you think that it is better to preserve the old historical outlook of buildings or it is better to incorporate only new styles of architecture? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this situation.
    Provide specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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