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Simple Sentences in English Grammar

Simple Sentences in English Grammar

 Sentence

The definition of a sentence is a group of words that gives complete meaning. A sentence conveys statement, command, exclamation or question.

A sentence has two main things. One is a group of words and the other is giving of complete meaning. Just a group of words can’t be a sentence unless it gives complete meaning.

  • I congratulate my friends. (Sentence)
  • Standing near her (not a sentence)

There are four types of sentences structurally in English grammar. These types are simple sentence, compound sentence, complex sentence, and compound complex sentence. In this article, we are concerned about simple sentences in English grammar.

Definition of Simple Sentence

Simple sentence is defined as a sentence that has just one independent clause expressing a complete thought. Independent clause is a group of words having subject and verb that stands alone. If there is just one clause and that can stand alone, we call it simple sentence. A sentence that has any dependent clauses can’t be a simple sentence.

  • I will teach you English. (Simple Sentence)
  • I will teach you English if you want. (Not Simple Sentence)
  • Ali and Diya like swimming and fishing but hate hiking and hunting. (Simple Sentence)

In the first example, we have one independent clause that stands alone and expresses a complete thought.

In the second example, there are two clauses. One is independent clause and the other is a dependent clause, so it is not a simple sentence.          

The last one is simple sentence. It has basically one independent clause. It has compound verbs and nouns.            

Simple Sentences in English Grammar    

More Examples of Simple Sentences

  • Go out!
  • She always looks beautiful.
  • You can cross the river easily.
  • Ali and Diya respect their teachers.
  • I like the site of Study English Page.
  • They study and help their mother at home.
  • They study math for an hour and English for 3o minutes.
  • This article is about simple sentences in English grammar.
  • Ali and I tried our best to convince John and Jack but failed.

Key Points about Simple Sentences

To know completely about simple sentences, the following key points must be in your mind. These key points can perfect you knowledge about simple sentences.

Single Clause

A simple sentence consists of just a single clause. The single clause also must be an independent clause. It is the very important point related to a simple sentence. Don’t make a mistake by using more than one clause while making a simple sentence.

  • They distributed many sweaters among the poor people.
  • I and my friend will take admission in university next year.

Coordinating Conjunction

We can use coordinating conjunction in simple sentence when performing the same function. We don’t use comma before the conjunction when we are talking about simple sentences. Using of comma before coordinating conjunction creates two clauses.

  • I can eat and drive at the same time. (Simple sentence)
  • I am going to Canada and London next month. (Simple sentence)

Mid Punctuation

Mid punctuation like using a comma, a colon, or a semicolon before a coordinating conjunction shows joining of two clauses. Simple sentence has a property of using just one clause, so avoid using mid punctuation in simple sentences.

  • Ali studied math and went out. (Simple sentence)
  • Ali studied and he went out. (Not simple sentence)

Compound Subjects, and Verbs/Predicates  

Compound means more than one; compound subjects and verbs/predicates mean more than one subject and verb/predicate sharing the same verb and the same subject respectively. We can use compound subjects, and verbs/predicates in simple sentences. The subjects and verbs/predicates are joined by using coordinate and correlative conjunctions.

Compound Subjects

  • Ali and Diya ate dinner at home.
  • Neither Ali nor Diya invited me to the dinner.

Compound Verbs

  • John studied and went out.
  • He tried his best but failed.

Compound Predicate

  • Ali studied English and watched TV.
  • I observed him but did not find any fault.

Using Modifiers

Simple sentences don’t have things that are as simple as their names. You can use modifiers like articles, adjectives, adverbs and prepositional phrase. Modifiers are used to add something more to the sentence. You can check here their examples.

Articles

  • The dog chased my friend.
  • You need to have an umbrella in a rainy day.

Adjectives

  • We are talking about simple sentences.
  • I have been working in a large company for three hours.

Adverbs

  • He immediately responded me.
  • You have to go back as quickly as possible.

Prepositional Phrases

  • I don’t attend personal calls at work.
  • I am not concerned about his personal life.

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