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Line Graph #34: The changes in the trends of the urban and rural population and by different age groups

Task 01: Line Graph

The graphs show changes in the trends of the urban and rural population and by different age groups from 1950 to 2040.

Sample Answer:

The data gives demographic information about urban and rural areas as well as three particular age groups in one country from 1950 to 2000 with predictions to 2040.

Overall, the total urban and rural population witnessed a significant increase between 1950 and 2000 while the proportion of people aged 16-65 years was largest and showed the most dramatic growth compared to the figures for the other two age groups. These trends are expected to continue in 2040.

The total population stood at 10% in 1950, rising to around 26% in the next 50 years, and is predicted to go up to 43% in 2040. In 1950, the urban and rural populations achieved 8% and 2.5% respectively and, in the second half of the 20th century , the figure for the countryside continued to lag that for metroplolitan areas by a significant margin of 8%. By 2040, this population disparity will have got wider with a third of the country’s population living in cities, over 20% higher than the figure for rural areas.

In the first year of the period, 7% of people in the country were 16-65-year-olds while the figures for the 0-15 and over-65 age groups stood at 4.5% and 2.5% respectively. Thereafter, the population of those aged 16-65 years over tripled in 2000, while the proportions of seniors and kids and young teenagers showed a similar upward trend, reaching 7% and 5% respectively. 27.5% of the population is expected to be 16-65-year-olds in 2040, by far higher than the respective projected figures for the elderly and 0-15-year-olds, at 9% and 5.5%.

(159 words)

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