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Zero Conditional

When we are thinking about facts which are generally true, we use:

If + Present Simple, Present Simple

  • If you put water in the freezer, it becomes ice.
  • If you stand in the rain, you get wet.
  • If you heat ice, it melts.

You can see in the examples about the condition always has the same result.

Notice how we use a comma after the first present simple tense clause.

We can also reverse the order and use:

Present Simple + If + Present Simple

  • You get wet if you stand in the rain.
  • Ice melts if you heat it.
  • I can't sleep if I drink coffee at night.
  • Plants die if you don't water them.

Notice how the comma is not necessary with this word order.

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