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What is Adverb

What is Adverb

What is adverb

Definition of adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies or gives more information about verb, adjective, adverb or a whole sentence.

  • He ate quickly.
  • It is very hot today.
  • He finished his homework too quickly.
  • Unfortunately, I lost my cell phone yesterday.

Adverbs that modify verbs

Adverbs often give more information about verbs. They tell more about verbs by answering the questions how? When? Where? and how often?

  • How does she sing?                                    She sings beautifully.
  • When did they arrive?                               They arrived early.
  • Where did you see him?                           I saw him there at the party.
  • How often does John meet you?            He usually meets me.

Adverbs that modify adjectives

Adverb is a word that also tells more about adjective or gives more information about adjective. It adds a degree of intensity.

  • I saw Diya. She is quite pretty.
  • It is too hot to go out this time.
  • My extremely cute son is ill today.
  • I was slightly late to the meeting.

Adverbs that modify other adverbs

Adverbs are also used to tell more about other adverbs. They both creates adverbial phrase.

  • Our dog runs very quickly.
  • He drives extremely fast and carefully.
  • I don’t like this laptop. It works so slowly.

Adverbs that modify entire sentences

Sometimes an adverb describes or modifies a complete sentence. In this case it does not tell more about just one word. It tells more about the entire sentence.

  • Unfortunately, he failed his test.
  • They were upset at that time, sadly.
  • Obviously, I told them about the demerits.
  • Certainly, I did not intend to shoot an arrow.

Types of adverbs

Adverbs of manner

Adverb of manner tells how something happens. It tells the way how something happens.

  • He does his work happily.
  • I saw an eagle swooped furiously.
  • Distribute the whole sweets equally.
  • I like his driving because he drives carefully.

Adverbs of time

Adverb of time adds more information about time by answering the question (when does something happen?).

  • Who will get up early? 
  • I will call you back tomorrow.
  • We will go to New York next month.
  • Classes are going to be started on Monday.

Adverbs of place

Adverb of place adds more information related to place.

  • Sit here till I return.
  • Wherever he goes, he takes his mobile.
  • We walked across the river for thirty minutes.

Adverbs of frequency

Adverb of frequency tells the frequency of an action. It tells that how often something happens.

  • He always studies for five hours.
  •  John never comes late to the class.
  • Dresses are usually made of cotton.
  • Sometimes, my friend creates tension.

Adverbs of degree

Adverb of degree tells the degree or level of the action. Adverb of degree answers the question (how much does something happens?).

  • He works very hard.
  • She completely refused to marry.
  • Ali was so excited about his new appointment.

Conjunctive adverbs

Conjunctive adverbs are used to connect phrases or independent clause. They are used to connect ideas.

  • I am ill; therefore, I cannot come to school.
  • It was raining cats and dogs; consequently, we did not go to park.

 

Position of adverbs

Adverbs can be placed in different places in a sentence. They can be place at the beginning, in the middle and at the end. It is important to place an adverb near the word or words that the adverb modifies.

  • We have arrived recently.
  • Sometimes, kids ask awkward questions.
  • We always try our best to come on time.

Degrees of comparison of adverbs

There are three degrees of comparison. The three degrees of adverbs are positive degree, comparative degree and superlative degree.

Positive degree describes something in its own right.

  • They played well.
  • She danced beautifully.
  • They got early in the morning.
  • They approached courageously.

Comparative adverb compares actions of two things.

  • Ali moves quicker than Diya.
  • John played better than Tom.
  • She danced more beautifully than Sakela.
  • Asif works hard, but Haider works harder.

Superlative adverb compares action of one thing with the action of the whole group.

  • Ali jumped the highest.
  • Sam arrived the earliest.
  • Toshio played the best out of everyone.
  • She danced the most beautifully at the party.

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