Header Ads Widget

A Declarative Sentence

A Declarative Sentence

Review of Sentence

We use words to put a thought into speech or writing. A group of words that is a complete thought put into words is called a sentence.

  • We are learning declarative sentences.
  • She works as a manager in Mobilink.

Functionally, there are four types of sentences: declarative sentences, questions, commands, and exclamations. The most common type is declarative sentence which is discussed in this content. The remaining types are available in the site of Study English Page.

What Is a Declarative Sentence?

A declarative sentence is used to convey a piece of information, state a fact, or make a statement. It always ends with a period or full stop.

A declarative sentence needs at least a subject and a predicate that make up an independent clause.

  • Ali can run faster than John.
  • They don’t trust what we suggest them.

A Declarative Sentence

Examples of Declarative Sentences

  • I have a laptop.
  • Ali is from Pakistan.
  • We have fresh fruits in the refrigerator.
  • She always buys expensive clothes and cosmetics.
  • They have planned to go on a trip to New York.
  • He tried his best to win the elections, but failed.
  • Diya is someone who does not share her ideas with everyone.
  • They asked if I wanted to go on a trip with them to New York.
  • When I get exhausted from work, I call my friends to go outing.
  • I would answer that my favorite food is rice with chicken if I were asked.

Word Order in Declarative Sentence

The word order in a declarative sentence is simple.

Subject + Verb + Object

We have the subject at first followed by the verb, and then we have object. Sometimes, declarative sentences don’t need objects. They have only subject and predicate.

We can also add other parts, such as phrases and subordinate clauses. We can use them at the beginning or at the end. We can also add transition words preceded by subject.

Negative Declarative Sentences

Negative declarative sentence is a sentence that conveys information in negative form by using ‘not’ or ‘never’. You can also use some other words of negation such as nowhere, none, nobody, or neither etc.

  • I do not the exact figure of disables in our country.
  • He has not sent me invitation card yet.
  • Ali never speaks rudely.

Types of Declarative Sentences

A declarative sentence requires at least one independent clause just like other sentences. When we talk about types of sentences structurally, they are based on having clauses like simple sentence, compound sentence, complex sentence, compound complex sentence.

A declarative sentence can have one independent clause, two independent clauses, one independent and at least one dependent clause, or at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

  • I like taking tea.
  • I like taking tea, but I don’t like taking tea with chips.
  • They will succeed if they work hard.
  • When I decide, I think about it at first, and then I take suggestions of friends.

Function of Declarative Sentence

The main function of declarative sentence is to make a statement. It is used to convey information.

  • Snowflakes are white.
  • John is writing something special.

Key points related to Declarative Sentences

Declarative Sentences Used for Asking

As we know that we use questions or interrogative sentences to ask about something; however, we have some questions that have declarative clauses. They are used to clarify information.

  • You didn’t call him?
  • Ali is present today?
  • You think we are all mad?

Generally, we use the sentences like above in speech. We change our tone in these sentences. Slightly higher tone near the end of the sentence is used to show that we are asking, but not conveying information.

In written, we replace just a period with a question mark. Remember that if a question mark and period is interchanged and the sentence is still working, it is a declarative sentence. 

Indirect Questions

An indirect question is a question that is embedded inside a declarative sentence and is ended with full stop.

  • She asked if I liked taking tea.
  • He asked me what my name was.

The above sentences are declarative sentences and questions are embedded inside the declarative sentences.

Word order is the same as for declarative sentences. When a direct question is yes-no question, we start the indirect question with whether or if.

Negative Declarative Vs Negative and Interrogative Sentences

In negative declarative sentences, we use not or other words of negation. These words must be used after subject. Negative and Interrogative sentences also have words of negation; however, the order of words is different. Not with auxiliary is used before subject in American style. In British style, we use auxiliary + subject + not.

Second thing is using of punctuation marks. Negative declarative sentences are ended with full stop (period). On the other hand, Negative and Interrogative sentences are ended with question mark.

  • You don’t need to try further. (Negative Declarative)
  • Didn’t you remember him the meeting? (Negative and Interrogative)
  • Did you not remember him the meeting? (Negative and Interrogative)


Thank you for visiting Study English Page.

Post a Comment