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Be going to

Positive & Negative Sentences

The positive and negative structures for Be Going To are as follows:

I am going toI am not going to
You are going toYou are not going to
He is going toHe is not going to
She is going toShe is not going to
It is going toIt is not going to
We are going toWe are not going to
You are going toYou are not going to
They are going toThey are not going to

The structure BE GOING TO is normally used to indicate the future in English. We use this structure:

1. When we have already decided or we INTEND to do something in the future. (Prior Plan)

The decision has been made before the moment of speaking.

  • I'm going to India next year.
  • We talked about it yesterday and I'm going to quit my job tomorrow.

2. When there are definite signs that something is going to happen. (Evidence)

Something is likely to happen based on the evidence or experience you have.

  • It's so cold! I think it is going to snow

3. When something is about to happen:

  • Get back! The bomb is going to explode.

Questions with BE GOING TO

Questions are formed by changing the order of the subject and the verb BE:

AffirmativeYouaregoing towin the race.
QuestionAreyougoing towin the race?

You are going to be sick if you eat that. (Positive sentence)
Are you going to be sick if you eat that? (Question)

We are going to take orange juice to the party. (Positive sentence)
Are we going to take orange juice to the party? (Question)

BE GOING TO in the Past Tense

When BE GOING TO is used in the past tense, it refers to something that was going to happen but in the end it did not happen.


  • I was going to call you but I lost your phone number.
  • It was going to rain but suddenly the sun appeared.
  • We were going to buy a new TV but then we changed our minds.
  • You were going to be my bridesmaid but then you slept with my fiancée.


Sometimes when we speak quickly, GOING TO sounds like GONNA. While it is grammatically incorrect, it is used a lot in very informal English. You will also occasionally see the word Gonna written in song titles or in song lyrics.

I'm gonna go to the beach tomorrow.
= I'm going to go to the beach tomorrow.

He's gonna bring his girlfriend to the party.
= He's going to bring his girlfriend to the party.

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